Thematic Highlight (John 4 NRSV)

Water, drink food persons, places spiritual divine

NRS John 4:1 Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard, "Jesus is making and baptizing more disciples than John"

 2 -- although it was not Jesus himself but his disciples who baptized--

 3 he left Judea and started back to Galilee.

 4 But he had to go through Samaria.

 5 So he came to a Samaritan city called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob had given to his son Joseph.

 6 Jacob's well was there, and Jesus, tired out by his journey, was sitting by the well. It was about noon.

 7 A Samaritan woman came to draw water, and Jesus said to her, "Give me a drink."

 8 (His disciples had gone to the city to buy food.)

 9 The Samaritan woman said to him, "How is it that you, a Jew, ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria?" (Jews do not share things in common with Samaritans.)

 10 Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, 'Give me a drink,' you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water."

 11 The woman said to him, "Sir, you have no bucket, and the well is deep. Where do you get that living water?

 12 Are you greater than our ancestor Jacob, who gave us the well, and with his sons and his flocks drank from it?"

 13 Jesus said to her, "Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again,

 14 but those who drink of the water that I will give them will never be thirsty. The water that I will give will become in them a spring of water gushing up to eternal life."

 15 The woman said to him, "Sir, give me this water, so that I may never be thirsty or have to keep coming here to draw water."

 16 Jesus said to her, "Go, call your husband, and come back."

 17 The woman answered him, "I have no husband." Jesus said to her, "You are right in saying, 'I have no husband';

 18 for you have had five husbands, and the one you have now is not your husband. What you have said is true!"

 19 The woman said to him, "Sir, I see that you are a prophet.

 20 Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain, but you say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem."

 21 Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.

 22 You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews.

 23 But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such as these to worship him.

 24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth."

 25 The woman said to him, "I know that Messiah is coming" (who is called Christ). "When he comes, he will proclaim all things to us."

 26 Jesus said to her, "I am he, the one who is speaking to you."

 27 Just then his disciples came. They were astonished that he was speaking with a woman, but no one said, "What do you want?" or, "Why are you speaking with her?"

 28 Then the woman left her water jar and went back to the city. She said to the people,

 29 "Come and see a man who told me everything I have ever done! He cannot be the Messiah, can he?"

 30 They left the city and were on their way to him.

 31 Meanwhile the disciples were urging him, "Rabbi, eat something."

 32 But he said to them, "I have food to eat that you do not know about."

 33 So the disciples said to one another, "Surely no one has brought him something to eat?"

 34 Jesus said to them, "My food is to do the will of him who sent me and to complete his work.

 35 Do you not say, 'Four months more, then comes the harvest'? But I tell you, look around you, and see how the fields are ripe for harvesting.

 36 The reaper is already receiving wages and is gathering fruit for eternal life, so that sower and reaper may rejoice together.

 37 For here the saying holds true, 'One sows and another reaps.'

 38 I sent you to reap that for which you did not labor. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labor."

 39 Many Samaritans from that city believed in him because of the woman's testimony, "He told me everything I have ever done."

 40 So when the Samaritans came to him, they asked him to stay with them; and he stayed there two days.

 41 And many more believed because of his word.

 42 They said to the woman, "It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is truly the Savior of the world."

Verb Tense Highlight (John 4 DR)

Past Present

1  When Jesus therefore understood that the Pharisees heard that Jesus makes more Disciples, and baptizes, than John,

2  (albeit Jesus did not baptize, but his Disciples)

3  he left Judea, and went again into Galilee.

4  And he had of necessity to pass through Samaria.

5  He comes therefore into a city of Samaria which is called Sichar: beside the manner that Jacob gave to Joseph his son.

6  And there was there the fountain of Jacob. Jesus therefore wearied of his journey, sat so upon the fountain. It was about the sixth hour.

7  There comes a woman of Samaria to draw water, Jesus says to her, Give me to drink.

8  For his Disciples had gone into the city, to buy foods.

9  Therefore that Samaritan woman says to him, How do you being a Jew, ask of me to drink, which am a Samaritan woman? For the Jews do not communicate with the Samaritans.

10  Jesus answered, and said to her, If you did know the gift of God, and who he is that says to you, Give me to drink: you perhaps would have asked of him, and he would have given you living water.

11  The woman says to him, Sir, neither do you have wherein to draw, and the well is deep: from where do you have the living water?

12  Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and himself drank of it, and his children, and his cattle?

13  Jesus answered, and said to her, Every one that drinks of this water, shall thirst again: but he that shall drink of the water that I will give him, shall not thirst for ever,

14  but the water that I will give him, shall become in him a fountain of water springing up to life everlasting.

15  The woman says to him, Lord give me this water, that I may not thirst, nor come over here to draw.

16  Jesus says to her, Go, call your husband, and come over here.

17  The woman answered and said, I have no husband. Jesus says to her, You have said well, that I have no husband.

18  For you have had five husbands: and he whom you now have, is not your husband. This you have said truly.

19  The woman says to him, Lord, I perceive that you are a Prophet.

20  Our fathers adored on this mountain, and you say, that at Jerusalem is the place where men must adore.

21  Jesus says to her, Woman believe me, that the hour shall come, when you shall neither on this mountain, nor in Jerusalem adore the Father.

22  You adore that which you do not know: we adore that which we know, for salvation is of the Jews.

23  But the hour comes, and now it is, when the true adorers shall adore the Father in spirit and truth. For the Father also seeks such, to adore him.

24  God is a spirit, and they that adore him, must adore in spirit and truth.

25  The woman says to him, I know that MESSIAH comes, (which is called Christ): therefore when he comes, he will show us all things.

26  Jesus says to her, I am he, that speak with you.

27  And immediately his Disciples came: and they marveled that he talked with a woman. No man for all that said, What do you seek, or why do you talk with her?

28  The woman therefore left her water-pot: and she went into the city, and says to those men,

29  Come, and see a man that has told me all things whatsoever I have done. Is not he Christ?

30  They went forth therefore out of the city, and came to him.

31  In the mean time the Disciples desired him, saying, Rabbi eat.

32  But he said to them, I have food to eat which you do not know.

33  The Disciples therefore said one to another, Has any man brought him to eat?

34  Jesus says to them, My food is to do the will of him that sent me, to perfect his work.

35  Do not you say that yet there are four months, and harvest comes? Behold I say to you, lift up your eyes, and see the countries, that they are white already to harvest.

36  And he that reaps, receives hire, and gathers fruit to life everlasting: that both he that sows, and he that reaps, may rejoice together.

37  For in this is the saying true: that it is one man that sows, and it is another that reaps.

38  I have sent you to reap that which you did not labour: others have laboured, and you have entered into their labours.

39  And of that city many believed in him of the Samaritans, for the word of the woman giving testimony, that he told me all things whatsoever I have done.

40  Therefore when the Samaritans had come to him, they desired him that he would remain there. And he remained there two days.

41  And many more believed for his own word.

42  And they said to the woman, That now not for your saying do we believe: for we ourselves have heard, and do know that this is the Saviour of the world indeed. †

Adding symbols to text: Irenaeus of Lyons, Adversus Haereses


Varying size to indicate quantity – in this case, references to the Prologue of John




 I. Gnostic apologetics exposed




  A. Purpose for the work:




  B. Survey of errors




   1. G: hermeneutics of Valentinus




   2. G: mythological interpretation of Gospel




   3. Gnostic exposition of Scripture adapted to their construct




   4. Those not having firm faith in one God and in one Christ are taken captive by Gnostic Scripture exposition




   5. G: origin and organization of matter




   6. G: three types: material, animal, spiritual. Demiurge




   7. G: the demiurge ignorant, deluded




   8. G: material must perish, cannot receive incorruptible inspiration




   9. G: the savior given the animal Christ by the demiurge




   10. G: pneumatology; Christ passed through Mary as through a tube




   11. G: Demiurge, ignorant, taught by the savior




  C. G: eclectic hermeneutics




   1. G: typological exegesis of Gospels




   2. Hermeneutics and the Prologue of John




    a. The Prologue misinterpreted by the Gnostics




    b. Gnostic paraphrase of Joh 1:14 corrected by St. Irenaeus




    c. Hermeneutics corrected




   3. Main issue with Gnostics: abusing Scripture to support their construct and self-deception




    a. John’s intention in writing the Prologue: what was NOT the case, against Gnostics




    b. Conflict of interpretation over the Prologue




    c. Gnostics transfer statements to their constructs




    d. G: the Prologue does not refer to Christ




  D. Gnostics deny the Incarnation




   1. Uniqueness and concreteness of the Incarnation against Gnostic mythology




   2. Issue over the character of the flesh of the Logos: animal or human?




   3. A right interpretation of Joh 1:14 destroys the whole Gnostic system




      a) Eclectic apologetics of Gnostics, using even Homer








    a. Falsehood of Gnostic fictions an a priori proof of the church’s veracity




  E. Creed of the church: unity, true content and apostolic tradition




      a) Like the sun, the Truth preached illuminates with knowledge everyone who desires it




      b) The task of exegesis of parables: adding to the system of Truth




  F. Gnostic mythology and cosmology - inconsistencies




  G. G: Magic, mimicry of mass, demonic powers, false prophecy




   1. G: hermeneutics of letters, syllables, and mythological metaphysics




   2. G: Christology




Organizational Chart


Organization Chart



Flow Chart: Library Research



Flow Chart




Diagram of Gnostic Construct in Adversus Haereses

Lexical Map: Relationships between terms in the MT and LXX of Genesis















Semantic Diagrams


The one with the table saw the pen.


subject: [the one with the table]

                   composed of [one] with definite article [the]

                   and adjectival clause [with the table],

                                    itself composed of

                                    preposition [with], object [table] with definite article [the]

verb            [saw]

direct object                [the pen]


For the example sentence above, we have:

Synctactic Diagrams

Semantic Networks 1




Semantic Networks 2

Acts 2:36, Athanasius of Alexandria, Contra Arianos 2

Proverbs 8:22, Athanasius of Alexandria, Contra Arianos 2






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